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为什么说女子利用航班延误获利案,不构成诈骗犯罪?

办案律师/作者: 肖文彬 来源:正规的快三平台 日期 : 2019-06-13

肖文彬: 诈骗犯罪大要案辩护律师、广强所副主任暨诈骗犯罪辩护与研究中心主任

——力求在诈骗犯罪案件辩护领域做到极致专业



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01


ANJIANSHISHI

     JINRI,MEITIGUANGFANBAODAO,ZI2015NIANZHI2019NIAN,LIMOUSHIYONGBUTONGHUZHAOHAO、SHENFENZHENGHAO,ZAIGEDABAOXIANGONGSIPINFANSHENQINGHANGKONGYANWUXIAN。ZHEIXIEZHANGHUDEPEIKUAN,ZUIZHONGDOUZHUANDAOLELIMOUDEZHANGHU。CONG2015NIANZHIJIN,LIMOUGONGSHISHI“ZHAPIAN”JIN900CI,HUODELIPEIJIN300WANYUAN。ZUIZHONGLIMOUBEIJINGFANGZHUABUGUIAN。

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02


JINGFANGRUZUILIYOU


     1.LIMOURENZAIQINGDAO,DANMAIDEHANGBANQUEBUSHICONGQINGDAOCHUFAHEDAODA;


     2.李某除了使用自己的身份,其他用于购买机票的身份信息和银行卡信息,都是她以买理财为由从亲朋好友处骗来的

     3.第一步,选取延误率高的航班。

     曾有过航空正规的快三平台类工作经历的李某,有提前获取航班取消或延误信息的途径,为此她在网络上挑选延误率较高的航班,再去查该航班的航程中有没有极端天气。

     第二步,虚构不同身份购票并大量投保。

     LIMOUCONGQINPENGHAOYOUCHUPIANLAI20DUOGESHENFENZHENGHAOYIJIHUZHAOHAO,WEITAOBIXITONGHECHA,LIMOUXUGOUBUTONGSHENFENGOUMAIJIPIAO。

     WEILEGENGJUYINBIXING,LIMOUMEICIGOUMAIJIPIAODOUYAOYONGSIWUGESHENFEN。MEIYIGESHENFEN,ZUIDUOGOUMAIYUE40FENYANWUXIAN。

     第三步,关注航班信息,伺机退票索赔。

     由于李某根本不会去乘坐这些航班,因此她时刻关注航班动态,如果了解到航班可能不会延误,她就会在飞机起飞之前把票退掉,尽量减少损失。一旦航班出现延误,李某便开始着手向保险公司索赔。买一份保险的保费大概40元,保险公司因飞机延误,赔付的金额在400元到2000元,如果延误时间长,甚至可以到7000元-8000元。

03


正规的快三平台LIMOUSHIFOUGOUCHENGBAOXIANZHAPIANZUIHUOZHAPIANZUI?


正规的快三平台     GENJUMEITIDEBAODAOJIJINGFANGDERUZUILUOJI,BIZHERENWEI,LIMOUDEXINGWEIBUFUHEZHAPIANFANZUIDEGOUCHENGYAOJIAN,LIMOUYINGGAISHIWUZUIDE,LIYOURUXIA:


     GENJUXINGFAGUIDING,ZHAPIANZUISHIZHIXINGWEIRENYIFEIFAZHANYOUWEIMUDE,XUGOUSHISHI、YINMANZHENXIANG,PIANQUGONGSICAIWU,SHUEJIAODAYISHANGDEXINGWEI。


     XINGFADI198TIAOGUIDING: YOUXIALIEQINGXINGZHIYI,JINXINGBAOXIANZHAPIANHUODONG,SHUEJIAODADE,YIBAOXIANZHAPIANZUILUNCHU: (YI)TOUBAORENGUYIXUGOUBAOXIANBIAODE,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(ER)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENHUOZHESHOUYIRENDUIFASHENGDEBAOXIANSHIGUBIANZAOXUJIADEYUANYINHUOZHEKUADASUNSHIDECHENGDU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(SAN)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENHUOZHESHOUYIRENBIANZAOWEICENGFASHENGDEBAOXIANSHIGU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(SI)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENGUYIZAOCHENGCAICHANSUNSHIDEBAOXIANSHIGU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(WU)TOUBAOREN、SHOUYIRENGUYIZAOCHENGBEIBAOXIANRENSIWANG、SHANGCANHUOZHEJIBING,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE。YOUQIANKUANDISIXIANG、DIWUXIANGSUOLIEXINGWEI,TONGSHIGOUCHENGQITAFANZUIDE,YIZHAOSHUZUIBINGFADEGUIDINGCHUFA。


     由此可见,保险诈骗罪是一种特殊的诈骗罪,在法律上首先要符合一般诈骗罪的犯罪构成,正规的快三平台即李某的行为要符合犯罪主体(单位犯罪还是个人犯罪)、犯罪的主观方面(犯罪故意、非法占有目的)、犯罪客体(犯罪对象)、犯罪客观方面(欺骗行为、认识错误、处分行为、损失结果、刑法因果关系)四要件,缺一不可。


     其次,李某的行为还要符合保险诈骗罪规定的五种情形之一才构成此罪。


     1.具体而言,李某的行为不属于刑法意义上的欺骗行为


     ZHAPIANZUI(HANBAOXIANZHAPIANZUI)DEQIPIANXINGWEI,SHOUXIANYAOQIUXINGWEIRENYAODUIGUANJIANSHISHIJINXINGXUGOU,HUOYINMANZHONGYAOZHENXIANG,ZUYIRANGDUIFANGCHANSHENGRENSHICUOWUBINGJIYURENSHICUOWUERCHUFENCAICHAN,ERBENANDANGZHONG,LIMOUQUESHIGOUMAILEJIPIAO,RANHOUGOUMAILEHANGKONGYANWUXIAN,ZHEIGUANJIANDELIANGFANGMIANDOUQUEYOUQISHI,DOUSHIZHENSHIFASHENGDESHISHI,HUANYANZHI,LIMOUBINGMEIYOUDUIGUANJIANSHISHIJINXINGXUGOUHEQIPIAN。ZHIYULIMOURENZAIQINGDAO,DANMAIDEHANGBANQUEBUSHICONGQINGDAOCHUFAHEDAODA,JINGCHANGTUIPIAOYIJILIMOUYIQITALIYOUJIEYONGQINPENGHAOYOUDESHENFENZHENGYUHUZHAOGOUMAIJIPIAODEXINGWEIBUSHIXINGFAYIYISHANGDEQIPIANXINGWEI,SHIFOUWEIMINSHIQIZHAXINGWEI,XUYAOKANHETONGDEJUTINEIRONGSHIFOUDUICIYOUMINGQUEDEBUYUPEIFUYUEDING(ANFAHOUCAIDUSHANGLOUDONG)。ZAILIMOUYIZHIFUYIDINGDUIJIADEQINGXINGXIA,WULUNRUHE,DOUBUNENGYIZHAPIANFANZUILUNCHU。


     2.李某的行为,在客观上也不符合保险诈骗罪五种情形之一


     JI: (YI)TOUBAORENGUYIXUGOUBAOXIANBIAODE,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(ER)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENHUOZHESHOUYIRENDUIFASHENGDEBAOXIANSHIGUBIANZAOXUJIADEYUANYINHUOZHEKUADASUNSHIDECHENGDU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(SAN)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENHUOZHESHOUYIRENBIANZAOWEICENGFASHENGDEBAOXIANSHIGU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(SI)TOUBAOREN、BEIBAOXIANRENGUYIZAOCHENGCAICHANSUNSHIDEBAOXIANSHIGU,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE;(WU)TOUBAOREN、SHOUYIRENGUYIZAOCHENGBEIBAOXIANRENSIWANG、SHANGCANHUOZHEJIBING,PIANQUBAOXIANJINDE。


正规的快三平台     LIMOUYOUGOUMAIJIPIAOYUZHENSHITOUBAO,ZAIFASHENGYANWUDEQINGKUANGXIACAIDEYIPEIFU。YINCI,XINGWEIRENJIMEIYOUXUGOUBAOXIANBIAODE,YEMEIYOUBIANZAOFASHENGBAOXIANSHIGUDEXUJIAYUANYIN、KUADASUNSHICHENGDU、HUOBIANZAOWEICENGFASHENGDEBAOXIANSHIGUDENGQIPIANXINGWEI,LIMOUGOUMAIDEBAOXIANHETONGSHI“SHEXINGHETONG”,KENENGFASHENG,YEKENENGBUFASHENG。LIMOUYEYOUPEIJINQUDESHIHOU,JUYOUYIDINGDESHANGYEFENGXIAN。SHISHUYUZHENGCHANGDESHANGYEXINGWEI,BUNENGJIANGCIRENDINGWEIBAOXIANZHAPIANZUIDEKEGUANBIAOXIANXINGWEI。


     3.保险公司并没有基于李某的行为而产生认识错误,并基于错误认识而处分财物


正规的快三平台     YINWEILIMOUQUESHISHIGOUMAILEJIPIAO,QUESHIYIJUBAOXIANHETONGYUEDINGJINXINGLEZHENSHIDETOUBAO,LIMOUYINWEISHUXIHANGKONGGUILV,YANJIUFEIJILINFEIQIANDETIANQIZHUANGKUANG,XUANZEYANWULVGAODEHANGBANTOUBAO,YINCI“SHENGDUOBAISHAO”,HUOQUDALIANGBAOXIANLIPEIJIN。YINWEILIMOUQUEFAXINGFAYIYISHANGDE“QIPIANXINGWEI”,SUOYIBAOXIANGONGSIBINGMEIYOUCHANSHENGXINGFAYIYISHANGDE“BEIPIAN”,BAOXIANGONGSIDELIPEIYESHIYIJUQIHETONGYUEDINGERJINXINGDE,YINERYEMEIYOUJIYUXINGFAYIYISHANGDECUOWURENSHIERCHUFENCAIWU。BUFUHEZHAPIANFANZUI(HANBAOXIANZHAPIANZUI)DEKEGUANGOUCHENGYAOJIAN。


     4.诈骗犯罪的客体所指向的财物必须是确定的、明确的财物损失


正规的快三平台     ERBENANLIMOUGOUMAIDEBAOXIANHETONGSHI“SHEXINGHETONG”,HANGBANYANWUKENENGFASHENG,YEKENENGBUFASHENG,DUDESHIGAILV,LIMOUYEYOUPEIJINQUDESHIHOU,YOUYIDINGDESHANGYEFENGXIAN。SUNSHISHIBUQUEDINGDE,BUFUHEZHAPIANFANZUIDEGUANYUSUNSHIDEKEGUANYAOJIAN,ZHISHIYINWEILIMOUSHUXIHANGKONGGUILV,JINGYUYANJIULINFEIQIANDETIANQIZHUANGKUANG,CAISHIDEQIHUOQUDALIANGBAOXIANLIPEIJIN。


     5.李某不具有刑法上的非法占有目的


     GENJULIMOUDEKEGUANXINGWEI,WULUNSHIGOUMAIJIPIAO,HAISHIZHIFUTOUBAO,DOUFUCHULEYIDINGDEDUIJIA,FEIKONGSHOUTAOBAILANG、WUDUIJIADIHUOQUBAOXIANGONGSICAIWU,YINCI,WUFATUICHUQIZHUGUANSHANGJUYOUZHAPIANFANZUIDEFEIFAZHANYOUZHIMUDE,JIBIANLIMOUYOUTUIPIAOXINGWEI,ZHEIYESHIJIANGDIQICHENGBENSUNSHIDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,RUQIANSUOSHU,FEIXINGFAYIYISHANGDEQIPIANXINGWEI。DANLIMOUJUYOUSHANGYESHANGDEMOULIZHIMUDE,ZHEIZAISHICHANGJINGJISHEHUIWUKEHOUFEI。、


04

ANJIANRUHEDINGXING?

     ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,LIMOUDEXINGWEIBUFUHEZHAPIANZUIHUOBAOXIANZHAPIANZUIDEGOUCHENGYAOJIAN,YEBUGOUCHENGQITAFANZUI,ZAIXINGFASHANGSHUYUFAWUMINGWENGUIDINGDEQINGXING,LIYONGGUIZELOUDONGYUWEIFANXINGFASHILIANGHUISHI,QIANZHESHIJIANLIZAIXINGFAWUMINGWENGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,HOUZHESHIJIANLIXINGFADUICIYOUGUIDINGDEQIANTIXIA,YINCI,DUIYULIYONGGUIZELOUDONGHUOLIZHE,GENJUZUIXINGFADINGYUANZE,YINGDANGYIWUZUICHULI。DANLIMOUJIEYONGTARENSHENFENZHENGDEXINGWEI,GENJU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOJUMINSHENFENZHENGFA》DISHILIUTIAODEGUIDING,YOUGONGANJIGUANJIYUXIANGYINGDEXINGZHENGCHUFA。BAOXIANGONGSIKEYIYILIMOUWEIFANSHANGSHUFALVDEQIANGZHIXINGGUIDING,XIANGFAYUANQISUZHUZHANGHETONGWUXIAO,YAOQIULIMOUFANHUISUODEBAOXIANLIPEIJIN。DANCIANBUSHUYUXINGSHIFALVDIAOZHENGDEFANCHOU。


05

RUHEWEILIMOUBIANHU?

正规的快三平台     QIANMIANYIJINGTIDAOLEBENANDEBIANHUSILUYUBIANHUFANGAN,BIANHULVSHITONGGUOHUIJIAN,LEJIEXIANGXINEIRONG、JINXINGWAIWEIDIAOCHAZHIHOU,KEYIXIANGCIANGONGANJIGUANCHENGBANRENYUGONGANJIGUANFAZHIBUMEN(FAZHIKEHUOFAZHICHU)CHUJUBUYUTIQINGPIZHUNDAIBU、QINGQIUCHEXIAOANJIANDEFALVYIJIANSHU,SHISHIJIHAIKEYIXIANGDANGDIDEJIANCHAJIGUANCHUJUBUYUSHENCHADAIBUDEFALVYIJIANSHU,XIWANGNENGZAIZHENCHAJIEDUANZUZHIPIBU、CHEXIAOANJIAN,ZAIXINGFASHANGHAILIMOUYIGEQINGBAI。


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肖文彬
肖文彬诈骗犯罪案件辩护律师
证件号:485123
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